Here is a chronology of events in the Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid land dispute case in which the Supreme Court recently declined to refer the issue of reconsideration of its observation that mosque was not integral to Islam, to a larger bench:
1528: Babri Masjid built by Mir Baqi, commander of Mughal invader and emperor Babur. The mosque, which was built on Babur’s orders, was also named after him. Hindu groups say it was built after demolishing the Ram temple which used to be there at Lord Ram’s birthplace (Ram Janmabhoomi). Ayodhya has been a place of religious importance for Hindus as it is considered the birthplace of Lord Ram.
1859: The British administration put a fence around the site marking separate areas of worship for Hindus and Muslims, and it stood that way for nearly 90 years.
1885: Mahant Raghubir Das files plea in Faizabad district court seeking permission to build a canopy outside the disputed Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid structure. Court rejects plea.
1949: Idols of Ram Lalla placed under a central dome at the disputed site.
1950: Gopal Simla Visharad files suit in Faizabad district court for rights to worship the idols of Ram Lalla.
1959: Nirmohi Akhara files suit seeking possession of the site.
1981: UP Sunni Central Waqf Board files suit for possession of the site.
1984: Hindu groups formed a committee to spearhead the construction of a Ram temple.
Feb 1, 1986: Local court orders the government to open the site for Hindu worshipers.
1986: Babri Mosque Action Committee was formed by Muslim groups.
Aug 14, 1989: Allahabad High Court ordered maintenance of status quo in respect of the disputed structure.
1989: Foundations of a temple were laid on land adjacent to the “disputed structure”.
Dec 6, 1992: Babri Masjid structure demolished by Kar Sevaks. Ten days after the demolition, the Liberhan Commission was set to investigate the incident.
Apr 3, 1993: ‘Acquisition of Certain Area at Ayodhya Act’ passed for acquisition of land by Centre in the disputed area.
1993: Various writ petitions, including one by Ismail Faruqui, filed at Allahabad HC challenging various aspects of the Act.
Oct 24, 1994: Supreme Court, in the historic Ismail Faruqui case, observed that a mosque was not integral to Islam.
Apr 2002: Allahabad High Court begins hearing on determining who owns the disputed site.
Mar 13, 2003: Supreme Court says, in the Aslam alias Bhure case, no religious activity of any nature be allowed at the acquired land.
Mar 14, 2003: Supreme Court says interim order passed should be operative till disposal of the civil suits in Allahabad High Court to maintain communal harmony.
Sept 2010: High Court, in a 2:1 majority, rules three-way division of disputed area between Ram Lalla, Nirmohi Akhara and Sunni Waqf Board.
May 9, 2011: Supreme Court stays High Court verdict on Ayodhya land dispute.
Feb 26, 2016: BJP’s Subramanian Swamy files plea in Supreme Court seeking construction of Ram Temple at the disputed site.
Mar 21, 2017: Then Chief Justice of India JS Khehar suggests out-of-court settlement among rival parties.
Aug 7, 2017: Supreme Court constitutes three-judge bench to hear pleas challenging the verdict of the Allahabad High Court.
Aug 8, 2017: UP Shia Central Waqf Board tells Supreme Court mosque could be built in a Muslim-dominated area at a reasonable distance from the disputed site.
Sept 11, 2017: Supreme Court directs Chief Justice of the Allahabad High Court to nominate two additional district judges within ten days as observers to deal with the upkeep of the disputed site.
Nov 20, 2011: UP Shia Central Waqf Board suggests the Supreme Court that a Ram temple can be built in Ayodhya and a mosque can be built in Lucknow.
Dec 1, 2017: Thirty-two civil rights activists file plea challenging the 2010 verdict of the Allahabad High Court.
Feb 8, 2018: Supreme Court starts hearing the civil appeals.
Mar 14, 2018: Supreme Court rejects all interim pleas, including Subramanian Swamy’s, seeking to intervene as parties in the case.
Apr 6, 2018: Rajeev Dhavan files plea in Supreme Court to refer the issue of reconsideration of the observations in its 1994 judgement to a larger bench.
Jul 6, 2018: UP government tells Supreme Court some Muslim groups were trying to delay the hearing by seeking reconsideration of an observation in the 1994 verdict.
Jul 20, 2018: Supreme Court says that it reserves the verdict.
Sept 27, 2018: Supreme Court declines to refer the case to a five-judge Constitution bench. Says that the case will be heard by a newly constituted three-judge bench on October 29, which will give the verdict after final hearings.
Oct 29, 2018: Due to “other priorities”, Supreme Court pushes the hearing forward to January 2019.